General Information on Sunflowers and Plants
Sunflowers are part of Asteraceae family and Annuus varieties. The plant is botanically known as Helianthus, which is a mixture of two Ancient terms, helios and anthos, basically mixing to make up the term "Sun-flower". Its similarity to the sun has also brought about its name.
Sunflowers consist of a relatively larger plant head and main part that contains small florets, which grow into plant seeds at a later time in their growth pattern. The plant can achieve up to a gauge in size and generally, contains yellow-colored blossoms. It has large leaves with rough sides, while the stem is hairy and difficult.
The wild sunflower is native to North America but commercialization of the plant took place in Russia. But believe it or not, it was the American Indian who first domesticated the plant into a single-headed plant with a variety of seed colours including black, white, red, and black/white striped. Incredibly some archaeologists state that the Sunflower may have existed since 3000 BC and that it was probably grown before the corn was grown.
Care and Handling for Sunflowers and Plants
Watering: Sunflower new plants need plenty water while they're establishing themselves. Keep the soil moist, but not soaked, until the new plants emerge. This usually happens within 5–10 days of planting, but may take longer in cold temperature. Once the seedling comes out, water about 3–4 inches (7.5–10cm) from the plant to encourage root growth.
Reduce watering after mature sunflowers, once they've enrooted a depth taproot, sunflowers are pretty drought-resistant. They'll still flourish frequently, strong irrigating? especially while buds and flowers are developing, but allow the ground to dry out between irrigating classes. Over-watering is more likely to break them than under-watering. Try not to get the blossoms wet, as this can harm them.
Protect sunflowers from pests: Look after your plants against slugs and snails is especially essential. You can encompass your plant with slug resilient from a garden shop, or help create your own "beer traps" for slugs to fall in.
Stake the sunflowers in windy weather: Breeze can seriously harm most multi-branched types, as well as any sunflower over 3 feet (0.9m) high. Tie them to a durable assistance using fabric or other smooth content. You may need to put up a wind hurdle for high sunflowers.
Cut flowers for drying: In such cases, it's best to hold back until the plant is half open, and the plant petals are bending external. Once cut, there are many ways to protect them. The easiest is to tie the stems carefully with thread and also hang them down in a heated room with good air flow.